Typhoon Mangkhut

Typhoon Mangkhut was at its maximum wind speed of 285km/h on Wednesday and was the strongest typhoon in 2018. The storm originated in the Pacific, passing through Guam and the Marshall Islands before making its first landfall in Cagayan province in northern Philippines on 15 September 2018 at 01:40 (PST). Typhoon Mangkhut continued moving to the northwest, towards southern China and made landfall in Jiang Men city at 17:00 on 16 September 2018 (CST), with a wind speed of 162km/h. 

In the Philippines, fatalities rose to 74 people on Tuesday and an additional 55 were reported missing. Most of the deaths occurred in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) which experienced massive landslides, reportedly burying an illegal mine in the area. The typhoon hit northern Luzon and damaged crops that were almost ready to be harvested, including valuable commercial crops such as rice and corn, as well as livestock. The total loss estimated for the agricultural industry is approximately USD $260 million USD.

The famous Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong was also affected by the floods and strong winds. The residential community of Heng Fa Chuen, situated at the edge of the harbour, was badly hit. Floodwaters inundated underground parking, a playground and a shopping mall. Uprooted trees and damaged cars were a common sight on the roads. Along the Victoria Harbour, a 19-storey commercial building, One Harbourfront, had a large number of its glass windows shattered by Mangkhut and the interior of the offices was badly damaged. The transport system in Hong Kong was severely disrupted, with fallen trees and debris causing problems for transport links.

Hong Kong is likely to suffer a large economic loss from this event; however, it is likely that only 30% of the losses incurred will be insured. Total insured loss is likely to reach a record amount of over USD $1 billion (SCMP). Typhoon Hato, which hit China, Hong Kong and Vietnam last year, caused insured losses estimated to be USD $1.1 billion.

Offshore islands of Hong Kong were also badly affected. Strong waves hit places such as Tai-O fishing village and some houses were inundated to knee-deep level, with Tuen Mun’s Kar Wo Lei village experiencing flooding to waist-deep level. In Shek-O seaside village, an elementary school collapsed completely during the storm. Several restaurants and bars operating at these beaches suffered serious damage; a bar at Shek-O was unable to operate as its interior has been completely destroyed by the waters. Another restaurant owner estimated that the damages incurred will be at least HKD 300,000–400,000 (USD $38,000– USD $51,000). Affected businesses are unlikely to return to normal for at least the next two months.

As Mangkhut was approaching Macau, the government ordered all businesses to close, including the famous casinos. The closure of the casinos for around 33 hours is likely to incur at least USD $186 million losses in revenue for Wynn Macau and Sands China. Flooding of 1.9m was reported at the inner harbour area of Macau.

As Typhoon Mangkhut was approaching the coastline of south China, 3 million people were ordered to evacuate. The storm made landfall in Jiang Men city with a wind speed of 162km/h. The economic losses in China have been estimated at RMB 4.2 billion (USD $613 million) by local authorities. A previous typhoon that brought heavy rainfall to Shandong province in late August resulted in an economic loss of RMB 10 billion for Shandong (USD $1.46 billion).

If you would like more information or to request our storm surge and wind footprints, please email our event response team.

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